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CHAUDILLON, ANTOINE, surgeon, settler; b. 1643 at Saint-Martin-d’Ygrande in the former province of Bourbonnais, son of Claude Chaudillon and Antoinette Tin; d. 1707 at Pointe-aux-Trembles (Montreal).

On 26 May 1672 Chaudillon married Marie Boucher, 18 years of age, the daughter of François Boucher, one of the first settlers at Sillery, and of Florence Gareman. The couple lived at Sorel from 1674 to 1684, then at Pointe-aux-Trembles, near Montreal, where Chaudillon died and was buried on 6 Oct. 1707. His wife lived until 16 Dec. 1713. Five children were born of this marriage.

In the 1681 census Chaudillon is listed as a surgeon and settler at Sorel. His livestock consisted of six head of cattle, and his farm included 16 acres under cultivation.

Chaudillon was wounded in the battle of 2 July 1690 against the Iroquois, fought at Rivière-des-Prairies, on the small stream called the Grou. In À travers les registres Tanguay writes that Chaudillon died in the battle; in reality he was carried off as a prisoner and was later released along with Pierre Payet, dit Saint-Amour. He was called upon several times to take part in inquiries into various sensational affairs which engrossed the settlement at Montreal. Thus in 1703 he examined a new-born infant whose throat had been cut, and also Marie-Anne Esmond, a young girl who was suspected of being the mother and murderess of the child.

Hervé  Biron

J.-A. Lebœuf, Complément au Dictionnaire généalogique Tanguay (1re série, Montréal, 1957), 39. É.-Z. Massicotte, “Les chirurgiens, médecins, etc., de Montréal sous le régime français,” APQ Rapport, 1922–23, 137. Tanguay, Dictionnaire, I, 122. Abbott, History of medicine, 19, 20. Ahern, Notes pour lhistoire de la médecine, 100, 314. Azarie Couillard Després, Histoire de Sorel, de ses origines à nosjours (Montréal, 1926), 59. H.-A. Scott, Une paroisse historique de la Nouvelle-France: Notre-Dame de Sainte-Foy: histoire civile et religieuse d’après les sources (Québec, 1902), 296. Sulte, Hist. des Can. fr., V, 74.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

Hervé  Biron, “CHAUDILLON, ANTOINE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 2, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed January 18, 2017, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/chaudillon_antoine_2E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink: http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/chaudillon_antoine_2E.html
Author of Article: Hervé  Biron
Publication Name: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 2
Publisher: University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication: 1969
Year of revision: 1982
Access Date: January 18, 2017