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FLETT, WINONA MARGARET (Dixon), suffragist and social reformer; b. 10 June 1884 in South Dumfries Township, Ont., daughter of Isabella Bowie and James Flett, a farmer; m. 14 Oct. 1914 Frederick John Dixon* in Winnipeg, and they had three children, two of whom survived infancy; d. there 16 May 1922 of pneumonia.

In 1912 Winona Flett left Woodstock, Ont., with her mother and her sister Lynn to live in Winnipeg. On their arrival, Winona and Lynn, "tall handsome businesswomen," joined the newly established Political Equality League (renamed the Manitoba Political Equality League in 1913), which sought to obtain the provincial franchise for women. A stenographer, Winona served as the convener of the league's literature committee. When the league organized a petition for women's suffrage after the victory of the Liberal party under Tobias Crawford Norris* in the general election of August 1915, Flett was in charge of the document bearing the names of 39,584 women. Along with the league's president, Mary Elizabeth Crawford, its secretary, Lillian Kate Beynon* Thomas, and the oldest signatory of the petition, Amelia Burrell, Winona was photographed to record the successful campaign which in January 1916 resulted in Manitoba being the first province in Canada to enfranchise women. Winona was one of eight women to be invited to occupy seats on the floor of the Legislative Assembly, rather than in the public galleries, for the third reading of the bill.

Winona and Fred Dixon and their family were involved in pragmatic progressive politics. Arrested and charged with seditious conspiracy after the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 [see Mike Sokolowiski*], Fred successfully conducted his own trial, arguing that he and other strikers were exercising British freedom of speech and the right to collective bargaining. Campaigning for Fred in the provincial election of June 1920, Winona urged the women of the province to vote Labour, their true champion. Dixon came at the top of the poll and was chosen leader of the Labour mlas.

In October 1914 Flett had married Fred Dixon. Both the bride and the groom were described as having "active interests in various public movements." In 1917, during World War I, Fred opposed the registration of men for military service and conscription; with Winona he became committed to pacifism. Author and pacifist Gertrude Richardson*, who visited the Dixons that year, described them as "people whose ideals are those I call the Ideal of the New Humanity." Winona, she noted, was "a lovely woman, in form, mind and spirit. She shares [her husband's] loftiest ideals. When there was talk of imprisonment for all who resisted registration in the beginning of this year, Mrs. Dixon made all her arrangements to return to the business world, and earn her living, leaving her baby daughter with her mother."

Winona and Fred Dixon and their family were involved in pragmatic progressive politics. Arrested and charged with seditious conspiracy after the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 [see Mike Sokolowiski*], Fred successfully conducted his own trial, arguing that he and other strikers were exercising British freedom of speech and the right to collective bargaining. Campaigning for Fred in the provincial election of June 1920, Winona urged the women of the province to vote Labour, their true champion. Dixon came at the top of the poll and was chosen leader of the Labour MLAs.

At her death, Winona Flett Dixon was described in the Manitoba Free Press as "well versed in industrial conditions, especially as they affected women. She was a gifted speaker and was keenly enthusiastic in the support of the principles she advocated." She had been able to combine "motherhood and public service." Attending her funeral were Liberal and Labour politicians, including Norris, the premier of the province, and colleagues from her suffrage and social reform causes. She was 37 years old.

MARY KINNEAR

Events 173/3 (N9905); P 192. AO, RG 80-2-0-209, no.1778. Man., Dept. of Finance, Consumer and Corporate Affairs, Vital statistics (Winnipeg), nos.1914-134063, 1922-018170. Grain Growers' Guide (Winnipeg), 29 Dec. 1915, 5 Jan. 1916. Manitoba Free Press, 5 May, 2, 7, 9 July, 16 Oct. 1914; 17 May 1922. Voice (Winnipeg), 23 Oct. 1914, 22 Jan. 1915. Western Labor News (Winnipeg), 17 Jan. 1919; 11, 25 June, 5 Nov. 1920. Winnipeg Tribune, 28 Jan. 1916, 19 May 1922. Harry and Mildred Gutkin, Profiles in dissent: the shaping of radical thought in the Canadian west (Edmonton, 1997). D. N. Irvine, "Reform, war and industrial crisis in Manitoba: F. J. Dixon and the framework of consensus, 1903-1920" (ma thesis, Univ. of Man., Winnipeg, 1981). B. A. Roberts, A reconstructed world: a feminist biography of Gertrude Richardson (Montreal, 1996).

General Bibliography

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MARY KINNEAR, “FLETT, WINONA MARGARET (Dixon),” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 15, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed October 24, 2014, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/flett_winona_margaret_15E.html.

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Permalink: http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/flett_winona_margaret_15E.html
Author of Article: MARY KINNEAR
Title of Article: FLETT, WINONA MARGARET (Dixon)
Publication Name: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 15
Publisher: University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication: 2005
Year of revision: 2005
Access Date: October 24, 2014