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d. 21 March 1813 at Quebec, Lower Canada


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BAILLY, dit Lafleur, FRANÇOIS, master-mason; b. in France c. 1627 (1630 according to the census of 1681); d. 1690.

Bailly was hired by the Abbé Queylus [see Thubières] at La Rochelle 8 June 1659. With his wife, Marie, and his father-in-law, Jérémie Fonteneau, he arrived in Montreal the same year. Jeanne Mance soon engaged him to build a barn for the Hôtel-Dieu, inside Fort Ville-Marie, and on 4 April 1660, he entered into partnership with mason Urbain Brossard*. Later he worked in partnership with the other leading Montreal mason of the period, Michel Bouvier; the contract they jointly signed to build a bakery in 1683 calls them “architect-masons.” Bailly was in the militia of Sainte-Famille in 1663 and he was also a civic official, serving as sergeant-royal (huissier) from 1667 and prison warden (geôlier et concierge des prisons) from 2 July 1676 until his death. Bailly’s chief work, however, was on the parish church of Notre-Dame begun under the leadership of Dollier* de Casson in 1672, and completed in 1683. Constructed entirely of stone, 129 ft. long and 38 ft. wide, it was considerably larger and more impressive than Laval*’s cathedral in Quebec. Bailly was buried 25 July 1690 and his wife on 29 Oct. 1692.

Alan Gowans

AJM, Greffe de Bénigne Basset, 15, 26 févr. 1660; 23 déc. 1662; 24 juin 1663; 22 févr. 1666; 19 août 1667; 7 oct. 1668; 31 juillet 1670; 8 févr. 1672; 6 oct. 1676; 10 févr. 1686; 23 sept. 1689. Recensement de 1681. Faillon, Histoire de la colonie française, III, 17. Alan Gowans, Church architecture in New France (Toronto, 1955), 64, 112, 115. É.-Z. Massicotte, “Maçons, entrepreneurs, architectes,” BRH, XXXV (1929), 137–38; “Une recrue de colons pour Montréal en 1659,” Can. Antiquarian and Numismatic J., 3d ser., X (1913), 63–96.

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Cite This Article

Alan Gowans, “BAILLY, Lafleur, FRANÇOIS,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed March 21, 2018, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/bailly_francois_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink: http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/bailly_francois_1E.html
Author of Article: Alan Gowans
Title of Article: BAILLY, Lafleur, FRANÇOIS
Publication Name: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher: University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication: 1966
Year of revision: 1979
Access Date: March 21, 2018