DCB/DBC Mobile beta


New Biographies

Minor Corrections

Biography of the Day

SYME, JAMES – Volume XI (1881-1890)

d. 18 April 1881 at Victoria, B.C.


Responsible Government

Sir John A. Macdonald

From the Red River Settlement to Manitoba (1812–70)

Sir Wilfrid Laurier

Sir George-Étienne Cartier


The Fenians

Women in the DCB/DBC

The Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864

Introductory Essays of the DCB/DBC

The Acadians

For Educators

The War of 1812 

Canada’s Wartime Prime Ministers

The First World War

BRUNET, ALEXANDRE-AUGUSTE (he signed Auguste), priest, Oblate of Mary Immaculate, missionary; b. 7 Oct. 1816 at Pont-en-Royans (dept of Isère, France), son of Jean-Baptiste Brunet, a merchant, and Marie Blain; d. 27 June 1866 at Montreal.

Alexandre-Auguste Brunet attended the College de Saint-Marcellin and the Petit Séminaire de Côte-Saint-André in Isère. In 1837 he joined the army but left it the following year and completed his studies at the Petit Séminaire. He was admitted to the noviciate of the Oblates of Notre-Dame de l’Osier on 14 Aug. 1841, took his perpetual vows there on 15 Aug. 1842, and began his theological studies. He was sent to Canada at the end of 1843, and Bishop Ignace Bourget* ordained him priest at Longueuil on 29 Aug. 1844.

Father Brunet and Father Eusèbe Durocher were the first Oblates to undertake the difficult work as missionaries to the lumber camps on the Gatineau and Ottawa rivers. He went there as early as January 1845, but in November returned to Longueuil to devote himself to parish missions. He was recalled to the lumber camp mission in 1849, and lived at Bytown (Ottawa) where he ministered to young lumbermen on their way through the town. He was also engaged in directing the seminarists and gave a few courses at the local college. At the same time he took charge of preaching and was chaplain at the mother house of the Grey Nuns. His favourite work, however, was in the lumber camps among the employees whom he visited regularly and called his “dear children.” Brunet left a small manuscript entitled “Le guide des voyageurs,” dedicated to Joseph-Bruno Guigues*, bishop of Bytown. The work, drafted after 1848, contains a series of canticles, a kind of treatise on the “temporal and spiritual duties of the voyageur” and “religious exercises for the voyageur.” The canticles, set to familiar tunes such as “Quand Marianne s’en va au moulin” or “Un Canadien errant,” showed the missionary’s concern to adapt himself to the mentality of the faithful. In September 1855 Brunet had to give up his ministry because of poor health. He went to the Oblate residence of Saint-Pierre-Apôtre at Montreal, to devote himself once more to popular preaching in Canada and in several American dioceses.

At this time the preaching in Illinois of the former Oblate, Charles-Paschal-Télesphore Chiniquy*, was attracting people away from the Roman Catholic Church, and Bishop Anthony O’Regan of Chicago turned to Bishop Bourget for assistance. The latter passed on the request to Mgr Guigues who demurred somewhat, asserting that the mission was far away and they were short of men; finally, in October 1858, Fathers Lucien-Antoine Lagier* and Brunet were sent to fight the schism. They exercised their apostolate first at Bourbonnais; then Brunet went to Kankakee while Lagier took over the mission at St Anne, Ill. Following their preaching, “about 150 schismatics” returned to the practice of the Catholic religion. When the missionaries were preparing to return to Canada, Chiniquy had Father Brunet arrested, “on the false pretext,” Le Canadien wrote, “that the reverend Father had accused him of having had the church at Bourbonnais burned down in 1853.” Thanks to a bond of more than $2,000 put up by the Catholics of Kankakee, Brunet was able to return immediately to Canada. Chiniquy brought a libel action against Brunet, however, in the circuit court of Kankakee, which began on 13 April 1859. The missionary was ordered to pay Chiniquy damages amounting to $4,625. An appeal was launched and a new trial was held in January 1860. The jury sustained the verdict of guilty but reduced the fine to $2,500. The bishop of Chicago then decided to bring the case before the United States Supreme Court, but later abandoned the plan. Brunet declared himself insolvent and was forced to go to prison in May 1861. He thus obliged Chiniquy to pay his board in prison, instead of his paying Chiniquy the damages fixed by the judge. An enterprising Catholic managed to engineer Brunet’s escape after three months of confinement, and the priest returned to Montreal in August. The affair seems to have had no sequel.

Even though his imprisonment played a large part in destroying his already impaired health, Brunet none the less continued to preach until he was stricken with paralysis in 1866. He died in June, leaving behind him the memory of a good-humoured and simple man who had distinguished himself by his zest for work.

Gaston Carrière

AHO, Auguste Brunet, “Le guide des voyageurs . . .”; Nérée Gingras, “Mémoire du procès du père Brunet, oblat, de sa condamnation, de son emprisonnement, de son évasion de la prison de Kankakee . . .”. Archives départementales de l’Isère (Grenoble), État civil, Pont-en-Royans, 7 oct. 1816. Archives des Sœurs grises de la Croix d’Ottawa, Correspondance Bruyère 21 janv. 1845. Archives provinciales O.M.I. (Montréal), Codex historicus, Montréal, I, 157–62 (copies at AHO). Rapport sur les missions du diocèse de Québec . . . , no.10 (mars 1853), 88–95; no.11 (mars 1855), 17–21. Le Canadien, 26 nov. 1858. Notices nécrologiques des O.M.I., I, 273–99. Carrière, Hist. des O.M.I., I, II, IV. [C.-P.-T. Chiniquy], Mes combats, autobiographie de Charles Chiniquy, apôtre de la tempérance du Canada (Montréal, s.d.). Marcel Trudel, Chiniquy (2e éd., [Trois-Rivières], 1955), 209. Gaston Carrière, “Une mission tragique aux Illinois; Chiniquy et les oblats,” RHAF, VIII (1954–55), 518–55. Léo Deschâtelets, “Le guide des voyageurs,” La Bannière de Marie-Immaculée (Ottawa), XLVIII (1940), 82–92.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

Gaston Carrière, “BRUNET, ALEXANDRE-AUGUSTE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 9, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed April 18, 2024, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/brunet_alexandre_auguste_9E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/brunet_alexandre_auguste_9E.html
Author of Article:   Gaston Carrière
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 9
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1976
Year of revision:   1976
Access Date:   April 18, 2024