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MACKAY, ALEXANDER HOWARD – Volume XV (1921-1930)

b. 19 May 1848 in Plainfield, N.S., d. 19 May 1929 in Dartmouth and was buried in Scotsburn, N.S.


Responsible Government

Sir John A. Macdonald

From the Red River Settlement to Manitoba (1812–70)

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Sir George-Étienne Cartier


The Fenians

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The Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864

Introductory Essays of the DCB/DBC

The Acadians

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The War of 1812 

Canada’s Wartime Prime Ministers

The First World War

To access the biography of Charité, Espérance, Foi – Volume 1 (1000-1700), click here.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

Marcel Trudel, “ESPÉRANCE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed May 19, 2022, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/esperance_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/esperance_1E.html
Author of Article:   Marcel Trudel
Title of Article:   ESPÉRANCE
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1966
Year of revision:   1979
Access Date:   May 19, 2022