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SEGIPT (sometimes called Sakumow Sagma), sagamo or chief of the Micmacs near Port-Royal; fl. 1629–32.

In 1629 Segipt and his family were sent to England by Sir William Alexander the younger, on a ship returning to pick up supplies for the newly founded Scottish colony. Chosen by the Micmacs as “representative of the rest” to acknowledge the suzerainty of Charles I over New Scotland and to crave his protection against the French, he had no doubt been influenced by Claude de Saint-Étienne de La Tour who had been persuaded to join the English and Scottish cause and who was returning at the same time to obtain the approval of Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling to an agreement whereby Claude would become a “baronet of Nova Scotia.”

While Claude, who had spent the previous winter about the court, needed no special attention, Segipt with his wife and son, travelling as king, queen and prince of Canada, were treated with the utmost courtesy. In December 1629, Sir James Bragg, governor of Plymouth, was instructed by Charles I to give every assistance to the agent whom he had sent to conduct the “royal party” to court, where they arrived in February 1630.

From the correspondence of the period it appears that they evoked much curiosity. One correspondent accepted them as genuine representatives of the aborigines, come to do homage to King Charles. Another regarded their visit as a publicity stunt, staged by the Alexanders to help in the creation of Knight-Baronets. In any event little seems to have been gained by their visit. They returned quietly with the Anglo-Scottish expedition of 1630, which failed to obtain the transfer of Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour’s allegiance and caused grave loss of face to his father Claude.

D. C. Harvey

[Sir William Alexander], The Earl of Stirling’s register of royal letters, relative to the affairs of Scotland and Nova Scotia from 1615 to 1635, ed. C. Rogers (2v., Edinburgh, 1885). Royal letters, charters and tracts (Layng). Insh, Scottish colonial schemes. McGrail, Alexander.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

D. C. Harvey, “SEGIPT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed May 19, 2024, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/segipt_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/segipt_1E.html
Author of Article:   D. C. Harvey
Title of Article:   SEGIPT
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1966
Year of revision:   1979
Access Date:   May 19, 2024