DCB/DBC Mobile beta


New Biographies

Minor Corrections

Biography of the Day

LAVIOLETTE, PIERRE – Volume VIII (1851-1860)

b. 4 March 1794 in Boucherville, Lower Canada


Responsible Government

Sir John A. Macdonald

From the Red River Settlement to Manitoba (1812–70)

Sir Wilfrid Laurier

Sir George-Étienne Cartier


The Fenians

Women in the DCB/DBC

The Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864

Introductory Essays of the DCB/DBC

The Acadians

For Educators

The War of 1812 

Canada’s Wartime Prime Ministers

The First World War

RENAUD D’AVÈNE DE DESMELOIZES, FRANÇOIS-MARIE, ensign on the king’s ships and captain of a company of colonial regular troops; b. in 1655 (al. 1657) at Lormes, Burgundy, son of Edmé (or Aimé) Renaud d’Avène, seigneur Des Méloizes et de Berges, and Adrienne de Montsaulnin; d. 22 April 1699 at Quebec.

He entered Condé’s regiment in 1668, became a standard-bearer in the dragoons in 1672, and a standard-bearer in the cavalry the following year. On 5 March 1685 he acquired a company in the colonial regular troops, and arrived with them at Quebec on 1 August. In 1687 he went with Governor Brisay* de Denonville on his expedition against the Senecas, and on 19 July signed the document recording the taking over of their country. Frontenac [see Buade] seems to have held him in high esteem, since he considered him “one of the best and wisest officers” in Canada.

On 13 May 1687, at Quebec, Renaud d’Avène had married Françoise-Thérèse, daughter of Nicolas Dupont*, seigneur de Neuville. At the time of his marriage his wife’s grandfather gave him the arriere-fief of La Cloutièrerie, located in the Beauport seigneury. He sold this land 29 July 1693. He also owned some property in the Upper Town of Quebec, since in 1695 his neighbour Pierre Ménage* brought an action against him in the provost’s court of Quebec, for having dug a culvert which emptied into his well and made its water “extraordinarily muddy.” Desmeloizes died 22 April 1699 at Quebec and was buried in the vaults of the basilica. He had nine children, one of whom, Nicolas-Marie*, carried on the line.

Jean-Guy Pelletier

AJQ, Greffe de Gilles Rageot, 10 mai 1687; Greffe de Louis Chambalon, 29 juillet 1693. APQ, La prévôté de Québec, registre de 1695, 25 novembre, 128–130. Correspondance de Frontenac (1689–99), APQ Rapport, 1928–29, 271–82. Jug. et délib., IV, V. P.-G. Roy, Inv. concessions, I, 40f.; BRH, IV (1898), 112; XV (1909), 178; XVIII (1912), 114; XX (1914), 106, 148. E. Cheminade, “Les provinces de France et la Nouvelle-France, émigrants au Canada venant du Nivernais,” NF, I (1925–26), 75f. P.-G. Roy, “La famille Renaud d’Avène Des Méloizes,” BRH, XIII (1907), 161–81; La famille Renaud d’Avène Des Méloizes (Lévis, 1907). Tanguay, Dictionnaire, I, 514; VI, 538.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

Jean-Guy Pelletier, “RENAUD D’AVÈNE DE DESMELOIZES, FRANÇOIS-MARIE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed March 4, 2024, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/renaud_d_avene_de_desmeloizes_francois_marie_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/renaud_d_avene_de_desmeloizes_francois_marie_1E.html
Author of Article:   Jean-Guy Pelletier
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1966
Year of revision:   1979
Access Date:   March 4, 2024