DCB/DBC Mobile beta


New Biographies

Minor Corrections

Biography of the Day


Responsible Government

Sir John A. Macdonald

From the Red River Settlement to Manitoba (1812–70)

Sir Wilfrid Laurier

Sir George-Étienne Cartier


The Fenians

Women in the DCB/DBC

The Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864

Introductory Essays of the DCB/DBC

The Acadians

For Educators

The War of 1812 

Canada’s Wartime Prime Ministers

The First World War

CHEFDOSTEL, THOMAS, French sailor from Watteville, in Normandy; fl. 1597–1603.

Chefdostel, who was captain of the ship Catherine, entered into a contract with the Marquis Troilus de La Roche de Mesgouez, viceroy of Canada, on 4 March 1597, whereby he undertook to lead to the Île de Sable an exploring and fishing expedition of which they were to share the profits. This expedition must have yielded satisfactory results, for the following year Chefdostel took La Roche himself there, and the latter set up on the island an exploration post manned by some 50 vagabonds and beggars recruited at Rouen. Each year, by La Roche’s order, Chefdostel came to bring them supplies, except in 1602. The following year the viceroy instructed him to take stores to his men and to bring back the commander, Querbonyer, and a few associates. On his arrival he found that as the result of a mutiny the commander and other leaders had been slaughtered. He then brought back to France the 11 survivors left on the island, and claimed the right to keep as compensation all the skins which they had loaded on to his ship. But the Parlement of Rouen ordered them to be shared out, one-third going to Chefdostel and the remainder to the rescued men.

Gustave Lanctot

ASM, B (Parlement de Rouen), archives secrètes. Bibliothèque de l’Institut de France, Coll. Godefroy, 291 [escrit envoyé par le marquis Troille du Mesgouez de La Roche (1604)]. Anthiaume, Cartes marines, II, 95. Bréard, Documents relatifs à la marine normande, 59, 61, 63, 76, 79. É.-H. Gosselin, Nouvelles glanes historiques normandes. Gustave Lanctot, “L’établissement du marquis de La Roche à l’Île de Sable,” CHA Report 1933, 33–42. Joseph Le Ber, “Un document inédit sur l’Île de Sable et le marquis de La Roche,” RHAF, II (1948–49), 199–213.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

Gustave Lanctot, “CHEFDOSTEL, THOMAS,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed May 29, 2023, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/chefdostel_thomas_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/chefdostel_thomas_1E.html
Author of Article:   Gustave Lanctot
Title of Article:   CHEFDOSTEL, THOMAS
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1966
Year of revision:   1979
Access Date:   May 29, 2023