DCB/DBC Mobile beta


New Biographies

Minor Corrections

Biography of the Day

TROOP, JACOB VALENTINE – Volume XI (1881-1890)

d. 3 Oct. 1881 at Saint John, N.B.


Responsible Government

Sir John A. Macdonald

From the Red River Settlement to Manitoba (1812–70)

Sir Wilfrid Laurier

Sir George-Étienne Cartier


The Fenians

Women in the DCB/DBC

The Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864

Introductory Essays of the DCB/DBC

The Acadians

For Educators

The War of 1812 

Canada’s Wartime Prime Ministers

The First World War

DIAMOND, ABRAHAM, lawyer, journalist, and police magistrate; b. 7 May 1828, Fredericksburgh Township (in present-day South Fredericksburgh Township), U.C., second son of John Diamond and Elizabeth Jeffers; m. Louisa Coleman in 1860, by whom he had several children; d. 24 July 1880, Belleville, Ont.

Abraham Diamond, a Wesleyan Methodist of loyalist descent, graduated from Victoria College in Cobourg and was a governor general’s prize winner at the Toronto Normal School. He taught school in Thornhill, Bloomfield, and Belleville before beginning the study of law in the office of Caleb P. Simpson in 1858. He was admitted to the bar in 1859 and began practising with W. W. Dean’s firm. He was called to the bar in 1862 and was later in partnership with George D. Dickson; he eventually formed a partnership in 1868 with a brother, Wellington Jeffers, later mayor of Belleville.

From 1856 to 1868 Abraham Diamond edited Elijah Miles’ Reform paper, the Belleville Hastings Chronicle. An effective speaker and writer, Diamond’s reasoned pragmatic approach made him seem less forcible but also less erratic than many of his better known journalist contemporaries. An enthusiastic supporter of constitutional change in Canada, Diamond was active in the Reform Convention of 1859. Besides being a member of the credentials committee, he moved the key fifth resolution, speaking in favour of a practicable, efficient, and beneficial federal union of the two sections of the Province of Canada. In the election of 1867 Diamond made a sharp and effective break with Reform leader George Brown by actively supporting in West Hastings two Conservative candidates, James Brown in the federal election and Ketchum Graham in the provincial.

Diamond was police magistrate of Belleville from 1868 until his sudden death, from an overdose of hydrate of chloral. He was active in community life as a town councillor, school trustee, notary public, and militia officer. He was a director of the Grand Junction Railway Company. A mason and the secretary of the Literary Association in Belleville, he was also the first president of the town’s Native Canadian Association.

Elwood Jones

Hastings County Museum (Belleville, Ont.), files on Abraham Diamond and on the Belleville Printing and Publishing Company. PAC, MG 24, K19 (Peter Robertson papers), James Ross to Robertson, 28 Feb. 1854; RG 31, A1, 1861, no.43, f.99. Canada Gazette (Quebec), 1 March 1862, 15 May 1863. Globe (Toronto), 9–11 Nov. 1859, September 1867. Hastings Chronicle (Belleville), 1859, 1867. Intelligencer (Belleville), 26 July 1880. London Free Press, 14 Nov. 1859. Canada directory, 1857–58, 55. The Canadian legal directory: a guide to the bench and bar of the Dominion of Canada, ed. H. J. Morgan (Toronto, 1878). Directory of the county of Hastings . . . 1860–61 (Belleville, 1860), 118, 160. William Canniff, History of the settlement of Upper Canada (Ontario), with special reference to the bay Quinté (Toronto, 1869). City of Belleville history, comp. W. C. Mikel (Picton, Ont., 1943). Pioneer life on the Bay of Quinte including genealogies of old families and biographical sketches of representative citizens (Toronto, n.d.). E. H. Jones, “Ephemeral compromise: the Great Reform Convention revisited,” J. of Canadian Studies (Peterborough, Ont.), III (February 1968), 21–28.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

Elwood Jones, “DIAMOND, ABRAHAM,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 10, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed October 3, 2023, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/diamond_abraham_10E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/diamond_abraham_10E.html
Author of Article:   Elwood Jones
Title of Article:   DIAMOND, ABRAHAM
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 10
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1972
Year of revision:   1972
Access Date:   October 3, 2023