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EIRIKR (Eric) upsi GNUPSSON, bishop; fl. 1121.

Almost nothing is known of this man. Icelandic annals s.a. 1113 record “Voyage of Bishop Eric” and s.a. 1121 “Bishop Eric from Greenland went to look for Vinland.” Claus C. Lyschander (1558–1624), not a very trustworthy source, says that he went to Vinland and there planted both the faith and a colony which still exist. Beyond this nothing is known of Bishop Eric except his genealogy and Lyschander says that he was buried at Gardar in Greenland in 1146. This paucity of information has, however, not prevented much writing and speculation: that Eric was bishop of Greenland and Vinland; that knowledge of the location of Vinland had been lost and Eric went to find it; that Vinland was an old colony and Eric was making a visitation to part of his diocese; that he was seeking to convert pagans to Christianity or regain apostates for the faith; that vestiges of the Christian faith supposedly found in the 16th century among the Indians of Quebec and the Atlantic Provinces stem from Eric’s work. Yet all that is known is that Eric went in search of Vinland, wheresoever it may have been.

T. J. Oleson

Hennig, Terrae incognitae, III, passim. C. C. Lyschander, Dend Grpnlanske chronica (Kpbenhavn, 1726). Oleson, Early voyages, 100. P. de Roo, History of America before Columbus according to documents and approved authors (2v., London, 1900).

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

T. J. Oleson, “EIRIKR GNUPSSON,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed January 21, 2017, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/eirikr_gnupsson_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink: http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/eirikr_gnupsson_1E.html
Author of Article: T. J. Oleson
Title of Article: EIRIKR GNUPSSON
Publication Name: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher: University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication: 1966
Year of revision: 1979
Access Date: January 21, 2017