GUYON DU BUISSON, JEAN (junior), royal surveyor; baptized 1 Aug. 1619 at Mortagne-au-Perche, France, son of Jean Guyon du Buisson and of Mathurine Robin; d. 13 Jan. 1694 at Château-Richer, New France.
Jean Guyon probably came to Canada with his father in 1634. On 27 Nov. 1645, at Quebec, he married Élisabeth Couillard, a daughter of Guillaume Couillard; she was to bear him 12 children. Trained perhaps by Jean Bourdon or Martin Boutet, both of whom were surveyors, Guyon became the first surveyor to learn his trade in Canada. He was already in practice on 12 April 1662, with the title of surveyor for the seigneury of Notre-Dame-des-Anges. Subsequently (1667) he came to style himself “king’s surveyor in this colony.” He was to finish his days at Château-Richer, where he had been given a grant of land in 1650.
ASQ, Documents Faribault, 117; Paroisse de Québec, 151. Séminaire, XXXVI, 1c. BRH, XLIX (1943), 268–72. Louis Guyon, Étude généalogique sur Jean Guyon et ses descendants (Montréal, 1927). É.-Z. Massicotte, “Les arpenteurs de Montréal sous le régime français,” BRH, XXIV (1918), 304.
Revisions based on:
Arch. Départementales de l’Orne (Alençon, France), “État civil (1552-1902),” Mortagne-au-Perche, paroisse Saint-Jean et Saint-Malo, 1er août 1619: archives.orne.fr/consultez/consultez2.html (consulted 29 March 2016). Bibliothèque et Arch. Nationales du Québec, Centre d’arch. de Québec, CE301-S1, 27 nov. 1645; CE301-S6, 13 janv. 1694.