HATHEWAY, CALVIN LUTHER, author and surveyor; b. 17 Sept. 1786 in Burton, Sunbury County, N.B., son of Ebenezer Hatheway, loyalist; m. 8 Nov. 1809 Sarah Harrison, and they had at least three children; d. 23 Aug. 1866 at Saint John, N.B.
Calvin Luther Hatheway spent his early life in Sunbury County where he became a land surveyor in 1809 and took an interest in “an improved system of agriculture.” He moved to Saint John in the early 1820s, and there earned the rank of adjutant and later major in the 2nd battalion of the Saint John County militia, in which he continued to serve until 1842. He also served as justice of the peace for the city and county of Saint John from 1838 to 1844.
Hatheway resided in Saint John until the mid 1840s when he moved to Maugerville and later Sheffield in Sunbury County. His work as a surveyor, however, took him to many parts of the province. On 1 June 1822 he was appointed deputy surveyor of lands for Charlotte County. In the period 1836–38, during the New Brunswick–Maine boundary dispute, Hatheway as a surveyor presented valuable evidence to the British government in support of the British claim. In 1845 he made a survey of the Grand River, Madawaska County, for the Crown Lands Office, and in 1848 served as deputy land surveyor for Sunbury County. During the period 1849–54 he was appointed a deputy for the surveyor general’s office.
It was no doubt his knowledge of the geography of the province that induced him to write The history of New Brunswick in 1846. It was to serve as a manual and guide for the traveller, student, businessman, and emigrant. The work contains a brief sketch of the founding and early settlement of the province by the loyalists, as well as a description of its various counties, natural resources, and boundaries. The book reveals that Hatheway considered the blacks settled near Loch Lomond as “a tax upon the charity of the public” and thought that the Malecites on the upper Saint John River should abandon their “roving habits” and apprentice their children to “English occupations.” He also supported those who were opposed to municipal corporations as recommended by Lord Durham [Lambton*].
Five years after Hatheway’s death, in 1866, his son George Luther* became premier of New Brunswick.
N.B. Museum, C. L. Hatheway, correspondence, 1836–48; papers, 1 June 1822; Ganong ms coll., W. F. Ganong, “The province of New Brunswick”; Wilmot United Church, records, 1794–1892. PAC, MG 27, I, D15, Hatheway to Tilley, 28 Sept. 1862, 25 Aug. 1863. PANB, REX/px, 43, pp.589–606. G.B., Parl., House of Commons paper, 1849, XXXVIII, 593, pt.ii, pp.377–474, Emigration (North American and Australian colonies) . . . C. L. Hatheway, The history of New Brunswick from its first settlement, containing a geographical description of the province (Fredericton, 1846). Morning Telegraph (Saint John, N.B.), 25 Aug. 1866. Royal Gazette and New Brunswick Advertiser (Saint John, N.B.), 20 Nov. 1809. St. John Daily Telegraph and Morning Journal (Saint John, N.B.), 6 July 1872. W. G. MacFarlane, New Brunswick bibliography: the books and writers of the province (Saint John, N.B., 1895). The merchants’ and farmers’ almanack . . . (Saint John, N.B.), 1840–41, 1843–46, 1852–53, 1855–63. New-Brunswick almanac, 1825–36, 1838–39, 1842, 1849–51. Lorenzo Sabine, Biographical sketches of loyalists of the American revolution, with an historical essay (2v., Boston, 1864; repr. Port Washington, N.Y., 1966). Wallace, Macmillan dictionary.