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OLIVIER, dit Le Picard, MARC-ANTOINE, gold- and silversmith and soldier; fl. 1688–96.

A native of the region of Beauvais, Marc-Antoine Olivier probably served his apprenticeship under a master goldsmith in Amiens. In 1688 he enlisted in the company of fusiliers which François de Galiffet* raised in Picardy for service in New France – whence the nickname. Scarcely had they arrived in Canada when Galiffet and his 300 men went to Montreal, the crucial point for the defence of the territory against the Indians.

Marc-Antoine Olivier appears to have followed Galiffet in his moves. In 1689 he belonged first to the garrison of Trois-Rivières. At the time of the Lachine massacre (3 Aug. 1689), he was at Pointe-Saint-Charles. On 17 June 1690 he married at Pointe-aux-Trembles (near Montreal) a young girl of 13, Françoise Dardaine. In the marriage certificate he is called “a soldier in Galifé’s company.” One of his brothers-in-arms, Michel Senau dit La Viazère, was present at the ceremony and declared, as did Olivier himself, that he did not know how to sign his name. In a private contract, which has not been found, the parents-in-law gave their daughter Françoise a piece of land situated at Saint-Sulpice, near Montreal, for her dowry.

For the next three years we have no information about Olivier. Perhaps he went with Galiffet, who had been appointed town-major of Quebec in 1692. Upon the birth of his first child Marc-Antoine Olivier, described as a gold- and silversmith, was not present at the baptism which took place in Montreal on 3 Jan. 1695. That same year, on 10 October, he gave up his land at Saint-Sulpice, claiming that he was “incapable of farming it.”

At the baptism of his second son Simon, born 29 Feb. 1696, the officiating priest added the remark: “The father did not sign, since he is in France for the time being.” This is the last authentic reference to the Olivier family that we know of at present.

Several documents attest to Marc-Antoine’s having been a gold- and silversmith by trade, but no work which can be attributed to him has yet been found.

Gérard Morisset

AJM, Registre des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures, N.-D. de Montréal, 1690, 1694–96. É.-Z. Massicotte, “Orfèvres et bijoutiers du régime français,” BRH, XXXVI (1930), 30–2.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

Gérard Morisset, “OLIVIER, Le Picard, MARC-ANTOINE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed October 23, 2014, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/olivier_marc_antoine_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink: http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/olivier_marc_antoine_1E.html
Author of Article: Gérard Morisset
Title of Article: OLIVIER, Le Picard, MARC-ANTOINE
Publication Name: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher: University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication: 1966
Year of revision: 1966
Access Date: October 23, 2014