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FRIEDLANDER, ELIAS – Volume XV (1921-1930)

d. 22 Feb. 1927 in Victoria


Responsible Government

Sir John A. Macdonald

From the Red River Settlement to Manitoba (1812–70)

Sir Wilfrid Laurier

Sir George-Étienne Cartier


The Fenians

Women in the DCB/DBC

The Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864

Introductory Essays of the DCB/DBC

The Acadians

For Educators

The War of 1812 

Canada’s Wartime Prime Ministers

The First World War

Opposition in Canada East
Original title:  Édifices du Parlement, Québec (entre 1850 et 1875)

Source: Link


Although George-Étienne CARTIER believed that confederation and the concept of a new political nationality in the proposed Dominion of Canada would guarantee the survival of French Canadians, he faced opposition in the section representing Canada East (Lower Canada; present-day Quebec) in the House of Assembly for the Province of Canada [see Opposition to Confederation]. The Rouge politician Maurice LAFRAMBROISE argued in 1865:

“[The] authority of a central government and the addition of the Maritime provinces would be dangerous for the ‘religion,’ ‘nationality,’ and ‘institutions of Lower Canada,’ and that the plan of confederation was consistent with the means outlined in the report of Lord Durham [Lambton*] for ‘the annihilation of French nationality in this country.’”


Please see the following biographies for more information on opposition to confederation in Canada East.

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